The north east region of India being a land of verdant valleys and silent hills along with the mighty Brahmaputra-Barak river system covering the land with its many tributaries is a place with varied geographical features spread amongst the famously known seven sisters:
Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
The climate in the north-east region of India is predominantly a humid sub-tropical climate with severe monsoons making it rainiest region in the country with Cherapunjji in the Meghalaya being one of the rainiest places in the world. While temperatures are moderate in the Brahmaputra and Barak valley river plains, it decreases with altitude in the hilly areas.
With these changing topography and climate through the seven states of the north east, there is a difference seen in the construction techniques and architecture styles of the states that are unique to its climatic conditions and materials available locally.
These houses built hundreds of years ago in the traditional construction techniques and locally sourced materials have withstood the test of time and the severe climatic conditions that they have been subjected to throughout the years in this region and are a true testament of the vernacular construction techniques of the place.
But today, with newer techniques coming up that are less time consuming but not necessarily as enduring as the traditional techniques ; little consideration is given to the traditional techniques and practices as they are rendered obsolete.
It is important that this traditional wisdom and knowledge of construction is not lost in todays fast pace world. The importance of the study is to understand the connotations of the process of building and construction with respect to its climatic conditions and the needs of the society.